death by stormy weather (52 ancestors #10)

Week 10(Mar. 5-11):  “Stormy Weather”
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Stormy weather ended cousin Nancy J. (BAILIFF) NIDEY’s life on Apr. 23, 1914:

            “Mrs. Mathias NIDEY was killed in a tornado which swept over Southeastern Colorado early last Thursday morning.

NANCY (BAILIFF) NIDEY, right, with husband MATHIAS NIDEY.

            “Mr. and Mrs. Mathias NIDEY, Rev. Vincent NIDEY and family and Albert REYNOLDS and family removed from the vicinity of West York to Colorado several months ago, residing near Lamar. Mr. and Mrs. Matt NIDEY had spent the winter with relatives near West York returning to Colorado about two weeks ago. Their house was near the home of their son. Vincent and Albert REYNOLDS resided about two miles distance. Shortly after midnight a tornado swept down upon the homes of the NIDEYs and in a few seconds time the houses were demolished. The body of Mrs. Matt NIDEY was found several yards from the house. She had been struck with a piece of timber and her death was instantaneious. Her husband was found badly wounded and unconscious and he had been thrown against a cistern curb. It was thought his injuries would prove fatal, but word has been received that he will recover.

            “The home of Vincent NIDEY when struck by the tornado, parted in the middle and he and his wife and children, with their bed clothes, were picked up in the air and thrown in a heap on the ground a short distance away. With the aid of a flash of lightning, they were able to see the hog house had weathered the storm and drenched from the falling torrent and half frozen, they groped their way to this structure where they were obliged to spend the night. All were more or less injured, Mrs. NIDEY suffering from a broken arm. A second flash of lightning showed them that the home of the elder NIDEY’s had been destroyed. Mrs. NIDEY was left to quiet the children while her husband, Vincent and his son started in search of his parents. When found they were removed to the shelter and there the family remained until dawn.

            “Albert REYNOLDS had gone to the railroad station, 78 miles distance and when returning on Thursday, we was met by a wagon conveying the remains of Mrs. NIDEY and he accompanied them to Lamar where a casket was obtained and he brought the body to West York for burial arriving Saturday.

NANCY J. BAILIFF IN YOUNGER YEARS.

            “The deceased was born in 1848 in Melrose Township and was the daughter of Rev. Thomas BAILIFF. She is survived by her husband, two daughters, Mrs. Albert REYNOLDS and Mrs. Oma CORNWELL, five sons, Vinson, Mathias, John, Chalk and Edwin, two brothers and three sisters and seven grandchildren. She was a member of the church of Christ and funeral services were conducted at the Bailiff Church Sunday afternoon by Rev. McCASH. Burial was made in the Bailiff Cemetery. The services were largely attended, many from the community being present.”–Hutsonville [IL] Herald [1]

Nancy J. is the daughter of Rev. Thomas C. (“Uncle Tommy”) BAILIFF (1820 KY-1891 IL) & Malinda DRAPER (1823 IL-1894 IL). Born Nov., 1948 in Melrose Twp., Clark Co., IL[2], Nancy married Mathias NIDEY (July 15, 1844 Newark, Licking Co., OH-Oct. 26, 1916 Melrose, Clark Co., IL[3]) July 24, 1871, in Clark Co.[4], son of Vincent NIDEY (1819 OH-1871 IL) & Areaunn WOODS (1822 VA-1871 IL).

Mathias & Nancy had these eight children per 1880 & 1900 U.S. Census data[5]: Thomas T. (ca 1872 IL- ); Ema (ca 1874 IL- ); Edwin (ca 1876 IL- ); Purina (ca 1878 IL- ); Mathias (Dec., 1880 IL- ); Chalky (June, 1886 IL- ); John (Oct., 1887 IL- ); Neoma/Naoma (July, 1892 IL- ). In the 1900 U.S. Census Nancy indicates she’s the mother of nine children, seven of them living, however. “Areaun” (1886-May 16, 1888) is the ninth not covered by Census, a grave marker for her at Bailiff Cemetery inscribed in part, “AREAUN DAU. OF M. & N. J. NIDEY.”[6]

An American Civil War veteran, Union allegiance, Mathias served in Co. G, 63rd Illinois Infantry, Ram Switzerland M.M.B. U.S.N.[7] His death came two & a half years after that of Nancy’s, from “complication[s] caused by his injuries” in the same storm that took his wife.[8]

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Nancy Jane, a 2nd cousin three times removed from me, & I share descendancy from Elisha BUCKNER, Sr. (1777-1826), Nancy’s great-grandfather and, my 4th great.

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ENDNOTES

IMAGE of Nancy (BAILIFF) NIDEY & Mathias NIDEY, date of &, original owner of photo, unknown.

IMAGE of Nancy BAILIFF in younger years from Ancestry.com family tree of Donna Ann DeWitt Skogman, “Bauslaugh Ls 14,” at http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/63303624/person/38100638687 , accessed Mar., 2015..

1 Hutsonville [IL] Herald newspaper article (May 1, 1914), found at, “The Bailiff and Related Families,” Kevin Bandy, RootsWeb World Connect Family Tree at http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=klbandy&id=I03434 , accessed Mar., 2015.

2 Census, 1900 U.S. Federal, IL, Clark Co., Melrose, “Mathias Nidey” hh, Ancestry.com, transcription at http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=1900usfedcen&indiv=try&h=10032031 , orig. image acessible via same page, accessed Mar., 2015.

3 “Illinois, Deaths and Stillbirths Index, 1916-1947”, Ancestry.com, “Mathias NIDEY,” transcription only at http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=FSIllinoisDeath&h=863396&indiv=try&o_vc=Record:OtherRecord&rhSource=7163 , accessed Mar., 2015.

4 “Illinois Marriages, 1851-1900”, Ancestry.com, “Mathias Neidy,” at http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=1&new=1&tid=77648909&tpid=48367804168&ssrc=pt_t77648909_p48367804168&MSAV=1&msT=1&gss=angs-g&gsfn=Mathias&gsln=NIDEY&msbdy=1844&msbpn__ftp=Licking+County%2c+Ohio%2c+USA&msbpn=1757&msbpn_PInfo=7-%7c0%7c1652393%7c0%7c2%7c3247%7c38%7c0%7c1757%7c0%7c0%7c&msddy=1916&msdpn__ftp=Clark+County%2c+Illinois%2c+USA&msdpn=623&msdpn_PInfo=7-%7c0%7c1652393%7c0%7c2%7c3247%7c16%7c0%7c623%7c0%7c0%7c&msgdy=1871&msgpn__ftp=Clark+County%2c+Illinois%2c+USA&msgpn=623&msgpn_PInfo=7-%7c0%7c1652393%7c0%7c2%7c3247%7c16%7c0%7c623%7c0%7c0%7c&msfng0=Vincent&msfns0=NIDEY&msmng0=Areaunn&msmns0=WOODS&cpxt=1&catBucket=rstp&uidh=in4&_83004003-n_xcl=f&cp=0&mssng0=Nancy+J.&mssns0=BAILIFF&mscng0=Emmaline+Bryan+(Emma)&mscns0=NIDEY&mscng1=Thomas+Vinson&mscns1=NIDEY&mscng2=Lucinda+Rowena&mscns2=NIDEY&mscng3=Naomi+Thressia&mscns3=NIDEY&mscng4=Edwin&mscns4=NIDEY&mscng5=John&mscns5=NIDEY&mscng6=Mathias&mscns6=NIDEY&mscng7=Arean&mscns7=NIDEY&mscng8=Chalkley&mscns8=NIDEY&pcat=ROOT_CATEGORY&h=424246&recoff=8+9+28+29+30&db=IllinoisMarriages_ga&indiv=1&ml_rpos=1 , accessed Mar., 2015.

5 U.S. Federal Censuses, IL, Clark Co. — 1880, 1900 & 1910 — all, Ancestry.com, transcriptions & orig. images:  1880, at http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=1880usfedcen&h=29778531&indiv=try&o_vc=Record:OtherRecord&rhSource=7163 ; 1900, at http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=1900usfedcen&indiv=try&h=10032030 ; &, 1910 at http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=1910USCenIndex&h=4337137&indiv=try&o_vc=Record:OtherRecord&rhSource=7602 ; all, accessed Mar., 2015.

6 FindAGrave.com, “Arean NIDEY” [however, grave marker itself reads, “Areaun”], at http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=pv&GRid=28090310&PIpi=61568083 , accessed Mar., 2015.

7 “U.S., Civil War Pension Index”, Ancestry.com, “Mathias NIDEY,” orig. image at http://interactive.ancestry.com/4654/32959_033014-02015/4544548?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2f%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3frank%3d1%26new%3d1%26tid%3d77648909%26tpid%3d48367804168%26ssrc%3dpt_t77648909_p48367804168%26MSAV%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gss%3dangs-c%26gsfn%3dMathias%26gsln%3dNIDEY%26msbdy%3d1844%26msbpn__ftp%3dLicking%2bCounty%252c%2bOhio%252c%2bUSA%26msbpn%3d1757%26msbpn_PInfo%3d7-%257c0%257c1652393%257c0%257c2%257c3247%257c38%257c0%257c1757%257c0%257c0%257c%26msddy%3d1916%26msdpn__ftp%3dClark%2bCounty%252c%2bIllinois%252c%2bUSA%26msdpn%3d623%26msdpn_PInfo%3d7-%257c0%257c1652393%257c0%257c2%257c3247%257c16%257c0%257c623%257c0%257c0%257c%26msgdy%3d1871%26msgpn__ftp%3dClark%2bCounty%252c%2bIllinois%252c%2bUSA%26msgpn%3d623%26msgpn_PInfo%3d7-%257c0%257c1652393%257c0%257c2%257c3247%257c16%257c0%257c623%257c0%257c0%257c%26msfng0%3dVincent%26msfns0%3dNIDEY%26msmng0%3dAreaunn%26msmns0%3dWOODS%26cpxt%3d1%26catBucket%3drstp%26uidh%3din4%26_83004003-n_xcl%3df%26cp%3d0%26mssng0%3dNancy%2bJ.%26mssns0%3dBAILIFF%26mscng0%3dEmmaline%2bBryan%2b(Emma)%26mscns0%3dNIDEY%26mscng1%3dThomas%2bVinson%26mscns1%3dNIDEY%26mscng2%3dLucinda%2bRowena%26mscns2%3dNIDEY%26mscng3%3dNaomi%2bThressia%26mscns3%3dNIDEY%26mscng4%3dEdwin%26mscns4%3dNIDEY%26mscng5%3dJohn%26mscns5%3dNIDEY%26mscng6%3dMathias%26mscns6%3dNIDEY%26mscng7%3dArean%26mscns7%3dNIDEY%26mscng8%3dChalkley%26mscns8%3dNIDEY%26pcat%3d39%26h%3d4544548%26recoff%3d4%2b5%26db%3dcivilwarpension%26indiv%3d1%26ml_rpos%3d1&ssrc=pt_t77648909_p48367804168&backlabel=ReturnRecord , accessed Mar., 2015.

8 Obituary, “Old Soldier Passes Away, Mathias Nidey,” Ancestry.com Message Boards > Surnames > Nidey > “Obituary of Mathias Nidey (1844-1916),” at http://boards.ancestry.com/surnames.nidey/6/mb.ashx , accessed Mar., 2015.
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master weaver william m. fasig (52 ancestors #9)

Week 9 (Feb 26-March 4):  “Close To Home”
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Home being where the heart is, my choice for this blog post had to be, my 3rd great-grandfather, weaver extraordinaire in this 3rd great-grandchild’s eyes, William M. FASIG (Mar. 13, 1801 Lebanon Co., PA-May 30, 1885 Martinsville, Clark Co., IL; buried Ridgelawn — aka Fasig-Kettering — Cemetery, Martinsville, Clark Co., IL).

FRAME-LOOM WEAVING DONE BY BLOG AUTHOR AT UNIVERSITY (ca 1978).

The frame- and loom-weaving course I took as an elective at university ranks among the most pleasurable memories of my past, and the connection I felt to William was immediate when in later years I “discovered” him as an ancestor. William also farmed & worked as a bricklayer, but it’s his beautiful work as a weaver that makes him special to me.

Years ago the Peoria, Illinois, Lakeview Museum of Arts and Sciences had an exhibit of IL coverlet weavers’ work which included coverlets woven by both William M., and, his son-in-law, Christian FASIG.  The 1999, “Illinois Jacquard Coverlets and Weavers: End of a Legacy,” by Nancy Iona Glick & Katherine A. Molumby, documents the exhibition, a blurb on the book at Amazon.com reading:

“Eighteen Illinois weavers produced figured and, figured & fancy coverlets from 1841 until after 1871.  Most, if not all, were working on looms with Jacquard attachments.  By the 1840s coverlet weaving had become competitive in areas of Pennsylvania and Ohio that were already saturated with skilled weavers; the craft also faced increasing competition from industrialization.  Illinois, in comparison, was much less densely populated, with unclaimed land and virtually no professional weavers producing fancy goods.  Less competition for the marketing of coverlets was probably viewed as an attractive prospect for Eastern weavers considering the move westward to the frontier.  This exhibition catalog includes essays, biographies of the weavers, a bibliography, and a checklist of documented Illinois coverlets.”[1]

1858: MY FAVORITE JACQUARD COVERLET BY WM. M. FASIG — I LOVE THE BLUE & WHITE. This photo found by me at a “Holiday.net Online Store;” the 91″x80″ coverlet sold for $456… (Breaks my heart; I hope the owner appreciates what they have!)

A search for some of the Lakeview Museum of Arts and Sciences exhibit images for inclusion in this blog post led me to a Wikipedia article revealing that the Lakeview Museum closed in September 2012[2], shortly before the Peoria Riverfront Museum opened in downtown Peoria.  Although the Peoria Riverfront Museum website hints that it may now contain Lakeview Museum‘s collection — under “Midwest Folk Art,” the Peoria site reads, “All 18 weavers who produced figured & fancy Jacquard coverlets in Illinois between 1841 and 1871 are represented by the 43 examples in the Lakeview Museum collection.”[3] — the website doesn’t include the 18’s names or, photos of their work, so, I can’t say for certain…

As the Peoria Riverfront Museum notes, “Most of [the IL weavers of Jacquard coverlets in their collection] wove coverlets to order during the winter months when farming activities slowed down, although a few worked at their looms year-round as their primary occupation.”[3]

What’s the big deal about woven coverlets?, you may ask, but then, that tells me right off that you’re not a textile enthusiast, not particularly into “folk art,” &/or, definitely have not done any loom weaving yourself, 😉 as, loom weaving, particularly jacquard, involves a huge amount of skill, work, & artistry!

JACQUARD COVERLET BY WILLIAM M. FASIG.

I’ll let the Bedford, PA, National Museum of the American Coverlet, “the first independent, year-round institution devoted to American woven coverlets,” have a voice here:

            “Coverlets are woven bedcovers, used as the topmost covering on a bed. The weaver worked on a loom to construct the textile itself one row at a time, and the pattern was woven in as part of the process.”

            “The two main types [of coverlets] are…geometric and, figured & fancy. The pattern motifs in geometrics are based on circles and squares,” while the patterns in figured & fancy coverlets are curvilinear & realistic and can include floral, animal, architectural and other motifs.

SIGNATURE CORNER OF 1847 JACQUARD COVERLET BY WM. M. FASIG.

“These are the coverlets that most often contain inscriptions. Inscriptions can include the weaver’s name,…location, the year…made, the name of the person it was made for, and sometimes a slogan… Figured & fancy coverlets were virtually all made by professional weavers – men.”

            “Coverlets were generally made of wool and cotton, although some are all wool. The wool was usually hand-spun and dyed with natural dyes. The cotton was most often machine-spun and left undyed.”

            “Coverlets are reversible… That is why, when a coverlet has an inscription, it is almost always woven in backwards and forwards, to enable [it to be] read it on both sides…

            “Because most looms were narrow, coverlets were often made of two woven panels joined with a center seam. Many geometric coverlets [are] three panels joined. That is to say, the weaver had to weave the entire length of the coverlet twice, or three times, and hand sew them together next to each other in order to create a textile that was wide enough to cover the bed!”[4]

Great-Grandpa Wm. M. FASIG’s obituary, newspaper unknown to me, gives such a succinct yet broad picture of his life that I see no need to repeat the data in it in my own words–

          “Mr. William FASIG, or ‘Uncle Billy’ as he is called died on Friday morning Last. He had been ailing for a few days, but the chief cause of his death was old age. He had long looked for the hour when he would be released from the cares of this life, he often spoke of the time and said he was ready to depart to the joys of that realm whence no travelers returns. Uncle Billy was 84 years of age on March 18th the last – therefore in his 85th.

          “He was a native of Pennsylvania was married there in 1822 to Elizabeth HIBSCHMAN [daughter of Henry / Heinrich HIBSCHMAN (c 1778 PA-c 1823 PA) & Elizabeth KUMLER (1779 Berks Co., PA- ), 3rd- & 2nd-generation Swiss immigrants respectively] and emigrated to the State of Ohio in 1834, lived in that state several years, then emigrated to Missouri, but not liking it on account of it being a slave state, they came to Martinsville [IL] in 1847 where he was lived ever since. He was a brick-layer by trade. Samples of his work can be seen in the Odd Fellows Hall, the E. H. Vaughn building and the old part of the brick hotel.

          “His companion died three years ago. He was the father of 12 children, but three survive him, 1 son and two daughters, S.A. FASIG, and Mrs. Chris FASIG of our village and Mrs. EDMUNDS of Charleston, who were all present to see him laid beside his departed companion in the Kettering Cemetery. Mr. FASIG was a man loved by every one for his good kind and sociable nature. He was a devoted Christian almost all of his life, never departing from the path of right, no matter what misfortunes ever took him.

          “He died at the residence of his oldest daughter, Mrs. Chris FASIG. The funeral took place at 10 a.m. and was very largely attended, nearly every one in the village and the immediate vicinity joining to pay the last tribute of respect to the departed patriarch. Services were conducted by Elder BERNARD, assisted by elders HART and JONES.

          “— Unintentionally emitted form the above – after 1847, they resided on what is now known as the KETTERING farm, till 1861, when Mr. FASIG gave up farming and moved with his family to town where he has lived ever since.”[5]

WILLIAM M. FASIG

William M. is the son of 2nd-generation German immigrant Dewalt Throbalt / Theobald FEASIG / FESSIG / FORSIG (1771 Berks Co., PA-1841 Lebanon Co., PA), among other variations of his name, & Catharina PETRI (1770 PA-1843 Lebanon Co., PA).  (Both Dewalt & Catharina were buried originally in PA, but descendant William WATSON, locating their graves in the late 1970s or early ’80s in an “abandoned graveyard…located in a weed-grown, dilapidated trailer court,” removed the stones and brought them back with him to La Porte [IN], later taking them to Martinsville [IL], “where the two sons had homesteaded long before the Civil war, coming here by covered wagon” and relocating them “in the old section of Ridgelawn Cemetery, next to the grave of one of the pioneering sons who came here in 1847.”[5])

ELIZABETH (HIBSCHMAN) FASIG

I’ve only determined two “for sure” siblings to-date of William’s, an older brother Daniel, and, a younger sister Susanna.

My own descent is from William & Elizabeth (HIBSCHMAN) FASIG’s (Aug. 23, 1803 Schaefferstown, Lebanon Co., PA-Dec. 4, 1882 Martinsville, Clark Co., IL; Ridgelawn Cemetery) daughter Catharine (1826 PA-1915 IL), who married, Yes, her first cousin — one of those Genealogy Research Surprises; a story for another blog post… 🙂 — Christian FASIG (1825 PA-1901 IL).

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ENDNOTES

1 Amazon.com, at http://www.amazon.com/Illinois-jacquard-coverlets-weavers-legacy/dp/B0006R8SXI/ref=sr_1_1/181-4268098-9993741?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1394884198&sr=1-1&keywords= , accessed Mar., 2015.

2 Wikipedia, “the free encyclopedia,” at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lakeview_Museum_of_Arts_and_Sciences , accessed Mar., 2015.

3 Peoria Riverfront Museum website, at http://www.peoriariverfrontmuseum.org/exhibits-collections/permanent-collections/midwest-folk-art , accessed Mar., 2015.

4 The National Museum of the American Coverlet, at http://www.coverletmuseum.org/coverlet.htm , accessed Mar., 2015.

5 “The Sons of Dewalt Fasig,” RootsWeb genealogy database of FASIG descendant Minga STIVERS, at http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dewaltfasig&id=I0017 , accessed Mar., 2015.

IMAGES of William M. & Elizabeth:  My thanks to Denise DUFFY-WEAVER for (i.) the original from which this badly-cropped miniature of Wm. was swiped by someone and now floods the web :-/ ; &, (ii.) the also badly-cropped miniature of Elizabeth’s larger portrait (the originals of both of which live for now on a crashed hard drive in a corner of my clothes closet). :-\

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what’s deeds got to do with it? (52 Ancestors #8)

Week 8 (Feb 19-25):  “Good Deeds”
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I find deeds boring.  There.  I said it.  Not deeds, of  the doing-of-things variety, but, deeds, of the document variety…  BoRRRinggg.  So my initial reaction to this week’s theme was a little on the wrinkled nose side?

To give me a kick in the behind motivation-wise, I Googled, What are good deeds for genealogy research?

Well, of course, the answer I got in my Googling was, Oh, ALL OF ‘EM!, but I figured, Well sure — these are things written by deed fans.

But I dutifully sat down with my laptop and, I resignedly logged into Ancestry.com, and I sighed, after which I typed my paternal grandfather’s name into the search box (thank you, auto-fill-from-trees-uploaded 🙂 ), going straight to, “Tax, Criminal, Land & Wills.”

Well doggone.  Up pops Grampa Grant’s name, but, it’s what I pulled up that got me smiling.  See, I must be related to the majority of 1800s-era residents of Clark & Crawford Counties, Illinois, and what I was looking at was a page in an 1892 Plat Book of Melrose Township, Crawford Co., IL — a community map, essentially, with everybody’s names and the places they lived neatly written in on it!

Image29of43

1892 PLAT BOOK, IL; Compiled & Pub. by Geo. A. OGLE & Co., Chicago.

I confess I was excited.

Why, there’s my 2nd great-grandfather Jesse William BUCKNER’s place!  Almost smack dab in the middle like my eyes were meant to land on it.  Jesse William died in 1869 but, Grandma Isabel his wife lived until 1902, and I know by an Oct., 1894 “Hardy Pioneers of Clark County” newspaper article that she lived then in Melrose, so…

HmmmWow, look at the huge parcel of land 3rd Great-Granduncle Rev. Nixon EVANS had…  Names of WILLARDs, BUCKNERs, BARTLETTs, EVANSes, RALSTONs and more cover the page, and I’m related to a good number of them.  It’s very neat to see who lived where/near who, in relation to others.

Okay, I may have to revise my deed views.  Moving on…

I find myself less enthralled with the June, 1853, Clark Co., IL, land record deed I find for 2nd Great-Grandpa Christian FASIG, although the trivia-oriented side of me notes with interest that Franklin PIERCE was President of the United States at that time.

This next is a good one, though:  an 1886 U.S. Tax Assessment List tells me Grandpop Emanuel H. GREGER raised pigs.  This offers a degree of specificity over the occupational note of “farmer” that 1850 through 1900 Censuses provided.  Okeydoke.  Check.

1886 U.S. TAX ASSESSMENT LIST, INDIANA.

Comprehensive, effective deed-searches are perhaps not best done from the couch, however, I muse thoughtfully…  Ancestry.com’s and, other genealogy website resources go only so far.  This is a Get-Out-There activity.

The website, “Do History” has a nice succinct readable one-page guide called “How to Search Deeds” that I would recommend to other heretofore deed-resistant deed-research-novices like myself.[1] I also found RootsWeb’s “Guide No. 29,” “American Land Records,” pretty helpful.[2]

Both of the above are in simple-speak and offer examples, breaking things down well.  This is good.

A lot of genealogy research can be done from the comfort of one’s home — just not all, I conclude… 😉

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ENDNOTES

Image, 1892 PLAT BOOK, IL; Compiled & Published by Geo. A. OGLE & Co., Chicago; Ancestry.com, “U.S., Indexed County Land Ownership Maps, 1860-1918,” at http://interactive.ancestry.com/1127/31617_072105-00298/2643529?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2f%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3frank%3d1%26new%3d1%26tid%3d77413544%26tpid%3d38359931655%26ssrc%3dpt_t77413544_p38359931655%26MSAV%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gss%3dangs-c%26gsfn%3dJesse%2bGrant%2b(Grant)%26gsln%3dBUCKNER%26msbdy%3d1882%26msbpn__ftp%3dIL%252c%2bU.S.A.%26msddy%3d1941%26msdpn__ftp%3dMissouri%2bBaptist%2bHospital%252c%2bSt.%2bLouis%252c%2bMO%252c%2bU.S.A.%26msrpn__ftp%3dSt.%2bLouis%252c%2bSt.%2bLouis%2bCo.%252c%2bMO%252c%2bU.S.A.%253b%2b5654%2bKennerly%2bAvenue%26msrpn1__ftp%3dStratford%252c%2bGarvin%2bCo.%252c%2bOK%252c%2bU.S.A.%26msfng0%3dRichard%2b(Rich)%26msfns0%3dBUCKNER%26msmng0%3dMary%2bElizabeth%26msmns0%3dFASIG%26cpxt%3d1%26catBucket%3drstp%26uidh%3din4%26_83004003-n_xcl%3df%26cp%3d12%26mssng0%3dGolda%2bEmmeta%26mssns0%3dGREGER%26mscng0%3dEdd%2bJ.%2b%255btwin%255d%26mscns0%3dBUCKNER%26mscng1%3dNell%2bAlta%2b%255btwin%255d%26mscns1%3dBUCKNER%26mscng2%3dPerry%2bJesse%2b(Buck)%26mscns2%3dBUCKNER%26msbng0%3dWilliam%2bFredereck%26msbns0%3dBUCKNER%26msbng1%3dPerry%2bComadore%26msbns1%3dBUCKNER%26msbng2%3dLula%2bE.%2b(Dolly)%26msbns2%3dBUCKNER%26msbng3%3dHomer%2bMeade%26msbns3%3dBUCKNER%26msbng4%3dCarl%2bFred%26msbns4%3dBUCKNER%26msbng5%3dDora%2bElizabeth%26msbns5%3dBUCKNER%26pcat%3d36%26h%3d2643529%26recoff%3d6%2b7%26db%3dLandownershipAtlas%26indiv%3d1%26ml_rpos%3d1%26hovR%3d1&ssrc=pt_t77413544_p38359931655&backlabel=ReturnRecord#?imageId=31617_072105-00270 , accessed Feb., 2015.

Image:  Ancestry.com, “U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918,” Emanuel GREGER, 1866 Indiana, at http://interactive.ancestry.com/1264/rhusa1862_101787-00140/5412555?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2f%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3frank%3d1%26new%3d1%26tid%3d77413544%26tpid%3d38359932671%26ssrc%3dpt_t77413544_p38359932671%26MSAV%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gss%3dangs-g%26gsfn%3dEmanuel%2bH.%26gsln%3dGREGER%26msbdy%3d1820%26msbpn__ftp%3dOH%252c%2bU.S.A.%26msddy%3d1910%26msdpn__ftp%3dSidney%252c%2bChampaign%2bCo.%252c%2bIL%252c%2bU.S.A.%252c%2bat%2babout%2b1%253a55%2bp.m.%26msrpn__ftp%3dFerry%252c%2bClay%2bCo.%252c%2bIN%252c%2bU.S.A.%26msgdy%3d1854%26msgpn__ftp%3dClinton%2bCo.%252c%2bOH%252c%2bU.S.A.%26msfng0%3dGeorge%26msfns0%3dGREGGER%26msmng0%3dRhoda%2bA.%2b(Rudy)%26msmns0%3dLEEDS%26cpxt%3d1%26catBucket%3drstp%26uidh%3din4%26_83004003-n_xcl%3df%26cp%3d12%26mssng0%3dLucinda3%26mssns0%3dJONES%26mssng1%3dMary%2bEliza%26mssns1%3dGRAY%26mscng0%3dDorcas%26mscns0%3dGREGOR%26mscng1%3dLaura%2bBelle%26mscns1%3dGREGER%26mscng2%3dAllen%2bW.%26mscns2%3dGREGER%26mscng3%3dAnn%2bE.%26mscns3%3dGREGGOR%26mscng4%3dSarrah%26mscns4%3dGREGOR%26mscng5%3dGranville%2bSmith%26mscns5%3dGREGER%26mscng6%3dSylvester%2bA.%26mscns6%3dGREGGOR%26msbng0%3dAbram%26msbns0%3dGREGOR%26msbng1%3dGeorge%2bW.%26msbns1%3dGREGOR%26msbng2%3d%255bD.o%2bGeorge%2b%2526%2bwife%255d%26msbns2%3dGREAGOR%26msbng3%3d%255bD.o%2bGeorge%2b%2526%2bwife%255d%26msbns3%3dGREAGOR%26msbng4%3d%255bD.o%2bGeorge%2b%2526%2bwife%255d%26msbns4%3dGREAGOR%26msbng5%3dThersey%2bA.%26msbns5%3dGREGOR%26msbng6%3dJohn%2bFranklin%26msbns6%3dGREGER%26msbng7%3dJerome%2bW.%26msbns7%3dGREGER%26msbng8%3dRobert%2bChaffin%26msbns8%3dGREGER%26msbng9%3dJosephus%26msbns9%3dGREGOR%26pcat%3dROOT_CATEGORY%26h%3d5412555%26recoff%3d4%2b5%26db%3dIRStax%26indiv%3d1%26ml_rpos%3d9&ssrc=pt_t77413544_p38359932671&backlabel=ReturnRecord , accessed Feb., 2015.

1 “Do History,” “How to Search Deeds,” at http://dohistory.org/on_your_own/toolkit/deeds.html , accessed Feb., 2015.

2 RootsWeb, “Guide No. 29,” “American Land Records,” at http://rwguide.rootsweb.ancestry.com/lesson29.htm , accessed Feb., 2015.

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