born in slavery: thomas jefferson buckner

Thomas Jefferson BUCKNER [6]

Thomas Jefferson BUCKNER (1810-’15 Kentucky[1] – Abt. 1875 Junction Twp, Osage County, Kansas[2]) is the son of an enslaved woman known only as Polly, and, the man who enslaved both Thomas & Polly, John BUCKNER[3] (Abt. 1762 Virginia Colony, America[4] – Abt. 1822 Green County, Kentucky)[3].

John, a son of Mary MADISON[4, 5] — Mary, a 1st cousin once removed of 4th U.S. President James MADISON — & Capt. William BUCKNER[4, 5], married Winifred [UNKNOWN; possibly SMITH][4, 5] (Abt. 1762[5] – After Mar. 17, 1823).[3]

John & Winifred had (at least) these three children together:
(i.) Winifred E. BUCKNER (Abt. 1785 Kentucky[3] – ), referenced in her father’s Will thusly: “To my daughter, Winifred E. BUCKNER, (who I expect now lives in the state of Virginia),…”[3];
(ii.) James B. BUCKNER (Abt. 1783 Virginia[3] – ), referenced in his father’s Will: “To my son, James B. BUCKNER, I have already given…”[3]; &,
(iii.) Mary M. BUCKNER (Abt. 1796 Virginia[3] – ), referenced in her father’s Will: “To my daughter Mary M. JACKSON, I have already given…”[3]. Mary married Joel G. JACKSON Nov. 9, 1820, in Green County, Kentucky.[7]

(Sons Thomas Jefferson & George Burrel Buckner by enslaved Polly were thus born during John Buckner’s marriage to Winifred, while Winifred was yet alive, contrary to some other researchers’ data.)

As regards John’s nephew Gabriel M. BUCKNER — son of John’s brother William M. (Abt. 1758 Caroline County, Virginia – Abt. 1843 Green County, Kentucky)[5], requested by John in his Will to, “….take [my two boys, Tomas Jefferson and George Burrel (sons of my woman Polly)] into his possession and help them to learn the art of farming until they become respectively of age of twenty-one years, giving to each of them the education required by law to be given to boys who are bound out of court, and also such compensation as the law directs to be given by the Master of an apprentice. Should said Gabriel refuse to take said boys, I desire that he will attend to their being bound out to learn some trade;”[3] I have yet to find records verifying just what action Gabriel took.  (Still looking.  Holler if, you find! 😉 )

Elizabeth (KIRK) BUCKNER [6]

Thomas married Elizabeth KIRK[6] (July 15, 1815 Kentucky – Apr. 21, 1904; buried Dean Cemetery, Pomona, Franklin County, Kansas)[8] in about 1831.[6]

At some point prior to 1852[1], the duo immigrated to Canada, returning to the U.S. in 1869 per their 1870 U.S Federal Census data.[1]

Farming is Thomas’ occupation in the three censuses I find him in — 1851 Canada, and, 1870 & 1875 U.S.A.[1].

Quite successful as a farmer, Thomas’ data in the 1870 U.S Federal Census, Kansas, reads:  “Value Of Real Estate Owned, $3,000;” Value Of Personal Estate,” either $970 or, $870 [hard to read].[1]  By the time of his death, Thomas has acquired some one hundred total acres.[2]

Elizabeth & Thomas Jefferson BUCKNER were blessed with these children:
(i.) Mary Jane BUCKNER (1833–1917)[6]
(ii.) John Langston BUCKNER (1836–1908)[6]
(iii.) James M. BUCKNER (1841–1876)[6]
(iv.) Susanna BUCKNER (1842– )[6]
(v.) Elizabeth E. BUCKNER (1845–1910)[6]
(vi.) George B. BUCKNER (1847– )[6]
(vii.) Robert J. BUCKNER (1853–1920)[6]
(viii.) Sarah Louisa BUCKNER (1859– )[6]
(ix.) William BUCKNER (1866– )[9]

Below are the two pages of Thomas Jefferson Buckner’s Last Will & Testament, recorded in the state of Kansas Will Records, Volume A-C, 1861-1904[2] —

Last Will & Testament of Thomas Jefferson BUCKNER, 1of2 [2]

Last Will & Testament of Thomas Jefferson BUCKNER, 2of2 [2]

___
ENDNOTES
1. Canadian & U.S. Censuses:
1a– “1851 Census of Canada East, Canada West, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia,” “thomas J Buckner” (birth given as 1810), at http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&db=1851Canada&h=2042785&tid=79831532&pid=34405381721&usePUB=true&rhSource=1088 , accessed July, 2016;
1b– “1870 United States Federal Census,” “Thomas Buckler” (birth given as 1815), at http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=7163&h=18226065&ssrc=pt&tid=79831532&pid=34405381721&usePUB=true , accessed July, 2016;
1c– “Kansas State Census Collection, 1855-1925,” “Census Date: 1 Mar 1875,” “Thos J Buckner” (birth given as 1815), at http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=1088&h=2247807&ssrc=pt&tid=79831532&pid=34405381721&usePUB=true , accessed July, 2016.

2. “Kansas, Wills and Probate Records, 1803-1987,” “Thomas J Buckner,” Ancestry.com at http://search.ancestry.com//cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=9065&h=507534&ssrc=pt&tid=79831532&pid=34405381721&usePUB=true , accessed July, 2016.

3. Will of John Buckner, Green County, Kentucky — dated May 27, 1822; probated Mar. 17, 1823; at Ancestry.com, http://interactive.ancestry.com/9066/004819635_00243?pid=263218&backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2f%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3findiv%3d1%26dbid%3d9066%26h%3d263218%26ssrc%3dpt%26tid%3d79831532%26pid%3d34405381539%26usePUB%3dtrue&ssrc=pt&treeid=79831532&personid=34405381539&hintid=&usePUB=true , accessed July, 2016:
“And lastly, it is my will and desire that my two boys, Tomas Jefferson and George Burrel (sons of my woman Polly), at my death be emancipated and I do hereby declare them to be at that time no longer slaves; but free. I do desire that Gabriel M. BUCKNER take said boys into his possession and help them to learn the art of farming until they become respectively of age of twenty-one years, giving to each of them the education required by law to be given to boys who are bound out of court, and also such compensation as the law directs to be given by the Master of an apprentice. Should said Gabriel refuse to take said boys, I desire that he will attend to their being bound out to learn some trade.”

4. Utah State Senator E. LaMar Buckner (1922-2012) genealogy databases (formerly) online.

5. “Early Colonial Settlers of Southern Maryland and Virginia’s Northern Neck Counties,” contact, “Mike,” former RootsWeb World Connect Family Tree, accessed Mar., 2015:
“In the DAR Patriot Index”
“From Margaret AMUNDSON:”
“I now have my Thomas MADISON file before me and it contains a copy of a client report written by the late George H. S. KING, Fellow of American Society of Genealogists. Mr. KING’s papers are preserved at the Virginia Historical Society, Richmond.”
“Children of William BUCKNER and Mary MADISON are:
“v. William M2 BUCKNER, b. Abt. 1758, Caroline County, Virginia; d. Abt. 1843, Green County, Kentucky; m. ELIZABETH LEWIS ROBARDS, Abt. 1784; b. Apr 19, 1760, Goochland County, Virginia; d. Bef. 1842, Green County, Kentucky.”
“vi. Elizabeth Madison BUCKNER, b. Abt. 1760, Virginia; m. Thomas JONES; b. Abt. 1760.
vii. John BUCKNER, b. Abt. 1762, Virginia; d. Bef. Mar 17, 1823, Green County, Kentucky; m. Winifred; b. Abt. 1762.
“viii. Anne BUCKNER, b. Jul 29, 1764, Caroline County, Virginia; d. Abt. 1834, Green County, Kentucky; m. William Waller JOHNSTON, Feb 02, 1785, Caroline County, Virginia; b. Oct 28, 1764, Caroline County, Virginia; d. Aft. Apr 14, 1823, Green County, Kentucky.
“ix. Jane BUCKNER, b. Abt. 1766, Virginia; m. ?? LAUGHLIN; d. Bef. 1809.
“x. Thomas BUCKNER, b. Abt. 1768.
“xi. Matilda BUCKNER, b. Abt. 1770, Virginia; d. Bef. 1809, Kentucky; m. Joseph WALLER, May 10, 1803, Caroline County, Virginia; b. Abt. 1770, Virginia.”
“xii. Horace BUCKNER, b. Abt. 1772, Caroline County, Virginia; d. Abt. 1810, Green County, Kentucky; m. Louisa BUCKNER; b. Abt. 1770, Fauquier County, Virginia; d. Bef. 1810, Green County, Kentucky.”
“Note from Norma Roberts 2007-02-11 10:00:52.”

6. Ralph M. Jones / Gayle C. (Jones) Lewis family photos / genealogy data.

7. “Kentucky Marriages, 1802-1850,” “Mary Buckner,” Ancestry.com at http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=2089&h=28395&ssrc=pt&tid=79831532&pid=34405381622&usePUB=true , accessed July, 2016.

8. FindAGrave.com memorial no. 9032067, “Elizabeth Buckner,” at http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=BUCKNER&GSbyrel=all&GSdy=1904&GSdyrel=in&GSst=18&GScntry=4&GSob=n&GRid=9032067&df=all& , accessed July, 2016.

9. 1920 U.S. Federal Census, Kansas, “William BUCKNER” household (included in household is brother Robert), Ancestry.com at http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=1920usfedcen&indiv=try&h=73957357 , accessed July, 2016.
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5 Responses to born in slavery: thomas jefferson buckner

  1. Debbie Ellison says:

    Hi Susan, First wanted to say thank you for your blog!! Thomas Jefferson Buckner is my 4th cousin 6x removed. I have been working on my family tree (fairly new at this)and and haven’t found much on this part of it. was wondering if you had any updates? I would be glad to share anything I have on the Buckner side with you though you probably are farther than myself on it. Thanks Again

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Eric Anderson says:

    Hi. My father is Richard Lee Buckner (b. 1938). His father was Leonard Buckner (b.1915-’80). His father was Charles and his father was also named Charles. Abraham (c.1834) is my 3rd great-grandafather. I found a will from 1829 that mentions another Abram but I don’t know if he is the father of Abraham. I was raised by my mother and named Anderson. I didn’t see my father for almost 40 years but recently met with him. We were estranged due to a lack of interaction; he had a wife and kids, so our lack of connection wasn’t due to bad feelings. Do you know if the slave Abram is the father of Abraham? thnx Eric

    Like

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