teacher at 16, mother of 10, midwife: philena lucretia (buckner) allsman

Daughter of Illinois pioneers Jesse William BUCKNER, a farmer, & Isabel MILLER, my great-grandaunt Philena Lucretia BUCKNER (Oct. 22, 1843 Clark County, Illinois – Apr. 3, 1930 Crawford County, Missouri; buried Bourbon Cemetery, Bourbon, Crawford County, Missouri), comes across as one strong woman.

Philena Lucretia (BUCKNER) ALLSMAN In 1898 [Crop Of Smaller Photo Below] [1]

Philena was the 3rd of 10 children known to have been born to Jesse & Isabel — she had siblings Henry; Martha Jane; Richard (Rich); Martha Ellen; William Wallace; Francis Marion; Charles C.; Sarah; & Iva May (Ivy) BUCKNER.

No doubt Philena helped on the farm — most children did in those days.

By age 16 Philena was working as a teacher.

“She taught at different intervals after she was married and came to Missouri. She taught at Huzzah, in the Harper neighborhood, which was her first school in Missouri, and later taught at Nixon and elsewhere. Her last school was Zion in the Crow and Sappington neighborhood. At that time her last child was six years old. The directors had come to her to ask her to finish the term as a young girl had begun the school year but had difficulty in keeping order.”[2]

On Feb. 5, 1865, Philena married widower and American Civil War veteran Pvt. William Paris ALLSMAN (Feb. 12, 1831 Sullivan County, Indiana – Aug. 14, 1892 Crawford County, Missouri; Crossroads Baptist Church Cemetery, Leasburg, Crawford County, Missouri) in Clark County, Illinois, son of 2nd-generation German immigrant Aaron ALLSMAN & Elizabeth LOGUE.

Pvt. ALLSMAN’s 1st wife, Martha J. HUDSON, had died in May of 1861. That same year William Paris ALLSMAN “enlisted in the Union army, and served during the greater part of the war, receiving an honorable discharge in September, 1864, having participated in the battles of Pea Ridge, Corinth, Perryville, Stones River/Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge (Chattanooga), Resaca, & others.”[3]

In 1866, Philena “took a course in obstetric art in 1866 and helped many a mother during childbirth. The weather was never too cold or the night too dark for her to go where she was called. For her services as a midwife she used to charge $3.00 and she oftimes would stay a week to help care for the baby and mother and to do the housework. For these extra days the fee was $1.00.”[1]

Philena & Wm. Paris emigrated to Missouri in 1873, where Mr. ALLSMAN farmed; was a justice of the peace; and helped found the Methodist Church in the area.

Together Philena & W. P. had 10 children, only five of which survived to adulthood: Aaron; Andrew Calvin; Winfield Scott; Orville Logan; &, Elizabeth ALLSMAN.

William Paris ALLSMAN died when his youngest child, daughter Elizabeth, was only 12 years old, leaving Philena a single parent. She outlived W. P. by nearly four decades.

Philena Lucretia (BUCKNER) ALLSMAN & Unidentified Family Members In 1898, At Her Home Near Leasburg, Missouri [1]



1. FindAGrave.com, Memorial no. 65256447, “Philena Lucretia Buckner Allsman,” maintained by Chris Allsman; photo contributed by Chris Allsman; at http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=65256447 , accessed June 13, 2016.

2. FindAGrave.com, Memorial no. 65256447, “Philena Lucretia Buckner Allsman,” maintained by Chris Allsman:  Attribution given for quote:  Philena’s daughter Mrs. Jacob Rohrer, “kindly prepared this little biography of her mother…” for the publication, “History of Forest Hill and Community, Crawford County, Missouri.”  Accessed June 13, 2016, at http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=65256447 .

3. FindAGrave.com, Memorial no. 32935384, “Pvt William Paris ‘Parry’ Allsman,” maintained by Chris Allsman, at http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=32935384 , accessed June 13, 2016.

This entry was posted in ALLSMAN, BUCKNER, Genealogy, Illinois, Missouri. Bookmark the permalink.

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